The Denarius denomination — Variants: Denarius Serratus
The denarius was a small silver coin first minted about 211 BC during the Second Punic War. It became the most common coin produced for circulation but was slowly debased in weight and silver content until its replacement by the double denarius, called the antoninianus, early in the 3rd century AD. From the late 2nd to early 1st century BC, the regular Denarius denomination was occasionally struck with serrated edges.

The word denarius is derived from the Latin dēnī "containing ten", as its value was 10 asses, although in the middle of the 2nd century BC it was recalibrated so that it was now worth sixteen asses or four sestertii.

It is the origin of several modern words such as the currency name dinar; it is also the origin for the common noun for money in Italian ('denaro'), in Slovene ('denar'), in Portuguese ('dinheiro'), and in Spanish ('dinero').
Denarius|Denarius Serratus
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An AR Denarius Serratus struck 81 BC in Rome
Obverse: Veiled head of Hispania right, HISPAN downward in left field.

Reverse: Togate figure standing left, raising hand, between aquila and fasces. A – POST•A•F – •S•N – ALBIN across fields and in exergue.

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: 10 H
Weight: 4.13 g
"This is one of the Republican types where a moneyer celebrated the achievements of a famous ancestor. According to Crawford, the reverse "Combining a togate figure on one hand with an eagle and the fasces on the other hand, perhaps simply alludes to civilian and military imperium; taken with the obverse type the reference is doubtless to the Spanish command of L. Postumius Albinus"(Crawford, RRC p. 389). The L. Postumius Albinus referenced was an ancestor of this moneyer who was praetor in 180 BC and given the province of Hispania Ulterior after conquering the Vaccaei and Lusitani, and the levying of troops for this campaign. The reverse of the coin probably depicts several key moments in Roman history. Most likely, it commemorates the raising of troops for the Spanish campaign, but may be related to the efforts of Lucius Postumius Albinus that led to Masinissa and Carthaginian victories. It may also commemorate the Roman expedition against Perseus in the Macedonian war. This denarius inspired the denarius of Hostilius Saserna, struck in 48 BC, publicizing Roman intervention in Gaul"

Provenance: CNG 106 (13 September 2017), lot 651. Ex Deyo Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 90, 23 May 2012), lot 1334. Stack’s (9 December 1992), lot 3177.
Crawford 372/2
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An AR Denarius Serratus struck 81 BC in Sardinia
Obverse: draped bust of Diana right, bow and quiver over shoulder, bucranium above

Reverse: togate figure standing left before flaming altar, holding sprinkler over sacrificial bull, all on stone platform, A·POST ·A·F S·N·(AL)BIN

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 3.7 g

According story described by Livy: in Sabina a cattle of admirable size and beauty was born. Animal was sacrificed and his skull (bucranium) was placed in temple of Diana where it commemorate this wonder. The event was considered to be a prophetic sign that town whose citizen sacrifice the animal will rule. Before battle at Regillius Lake Roman citizen (Postumius' ancestor) took the cattle and sacrificed it in the temple of Diana on Aventine.

Crawford 372/1, SRCV I 296, Sydenham 745, RSC I Postumia 7
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An AR Denarius Serratus struck 81 BC in Sardinia
Obverse: veiled head of Hispania right, HISPAN

Reverse: togate figure standing left, extending hand toward legionary eagle right; fasces with axe right A· / (AL)BIN / N·S· / POST·A·F

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 3.8 g

Refers to the praetorship of L. Postumius Albinus over Spain and his successful expeditions against the Vaccaei and Lusitani, and the levying of troops for this campaign.

Crawford 372/2, Sydenham 746, RSC I Postumia 8, BMCRR I Rome 2839, SRCV I 297
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An AR Denarius struck 92 (96)BC in Rome
Obverse: diademed and draped head of Diana right, wearing earring and necklace, bow and quiver over shoulder; ROMA

Reverse: 3 horsmen galloping left (A. Postumius Albus Regillensis); fallen enemy and two standards in front of them; A·(AL)BINVS·S·F

Diameter: 17 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.9 g
No notes for this coin
Crawford 335/9, SRCV I 218, Sydenham 613a, RSC I Postumia 4a
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An AR Denarius struck 142 (139)BC in Rome
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet X

Reverse: Luna in biga right holding goad and reins A·SP(VR)I ROMA

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.4 g
moneyer's name also could be Spurius or Spurinna
SRCV I 107, Crawford 230/1, Sydenham 448, RSC I Spurilia 1
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An AR Denarius struck 137 AD in Rome
Obverse: L AELIVS CAESAR, Bare head of Aelius facing right

Reverse: TR POT COS II, Concordia seated facing left, holding patera and resting arm on cornucopia; CONCORD in exergue

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 2.86 g
Aelius as "Caesar" under Hadrian as Augustus
RIC II Hadrian 436
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An AR Denarius struck 157-156 BC in Rome
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right; X (mark of value) to left.

Reverse: Victory, holding goad, driving biga right; ROMA in exergue.

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: 7 H
Weight: 3.75 g
Provenance: Bertolami Fine Arts, E-Live Auction 49 (12 November 2017), lot 628.
Crawford 197/1a
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An AR Denarius struck 210-209 BC in Apulia
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right; X (mark of value) to left.

Reverse: The Dioscuri, each holding spear, on horseback right; two stars above; ROMA in exergue.

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: 3 H
Weight: 3.86 g
From Brinkman-Debernardi group RRC 53 Rearing Horses Group 1 where they state:

“This variety is believed to be one of the earliest issues of 53/2 based on its consistent presence (though in small numbers) in early hoards where contents included 53/2 examples. It is nearly always found with a loop under the visor, believed to be an attribute of Sicilian origin. There are no symboled siblings for this group.”

Obverse: There is usually a small loop under the visor in front of the forehead. The loop is often discretely represented as a small lump, other times it is clearly a loop.Tufts at the back of the helmet are very small and close together.

Reverse: More so than any other variety in this issue, the horses appear to be rearing up, rather than galloping forward, particularly the far horse, with forelegs farther above the exergue than on other varieties. The legend ROMA is in a trapezoidal frame. Cape style is Flag-like or Waving. There is nearly always a pointed horse's tail visible between the legs. The horses and riders appear rather small and distant, compared to other varieties.

Exceptions: There are rare examples that are clearly of this style but with horses that are galloping broadly forward rather than rearing up."

Provenance: CNG Electronic auction 408 (25 October 2017), lot 368, from the Andrew McCabe Collection. Ex Vecchi 13 (4 September 1998), lot 631.
Crawford 53/2 (Brinkman Group 1)
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An AR Denarius struck 208-205 BC in Italia
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right; X (mark of value) to left.

Reverse: The Dioscuri, each holding spear, on horseback right; below horses, female head right; ROMA in exergue.

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.76 g
"In Essays Witschonke, Andrew McCabe reported on a hoard of cut denarii that contained second Punic war types as well as VAR and QLC types, but missed the types from Crawford 112 through 124. This suggests that the VAR and QLC types, and by extension this female head type to which they appear stylistically related, should be dated within the second Punic war period, likely to around 206-205 BC."

Provenance: Naville Numismatics, Auction 42 (22 July 2018), lot 392.
Crawford 127/1
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An AR Denarius struck 179-170 BC in Rome
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right; X (mark of value) to left.

Reverse: Luna in prancing biga right; below, fly and ROMA in exergue.

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.85 g
Provenance: CNG Electronic auction 432 (14 November 2018) lot 226, from the Andrew McCabe Collection, purchased from Germania Inferior in 2015. Ex Bertolami fine arts, Auction 15 (27 April 2015), lot 255.
Crawford 159/2
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An AR Denarius struck 210-206 BC in Apulia
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right; X (mark of value) to left.

Reverse: The Dioscuri, each holding spear, on horseback right; two stars above; ROMA in exergue.

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.65 g
Provenance: CNG Electronic auction 433 (28 November 2018), lot 240.
Crawford 53/2 (Brinkman Group 4)
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An Fourree Denarius struck After 206 BC in Uncertain
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right; X (mark of value) to left.

Reverse: The Dioscuri, each holding spear, on horseback right; two stars above; ROMA in exergue.

Diameter: 19.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.42 g
No notes for this coin
Imitating Crawford 53/2 (Brinkman Group 9)
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An AR Denarius struck 209 BC in Apulia
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right; X (mark of value) behind.

Reverse: The Dioscuri, each holding spear, on horseback right; two stars above; ROMA in exergue.

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.36 g
Provenance: Ex Ahlström auktion 66 (9 November 2002), lot 1173.
Sibling to the "Spearhead series", RRC 88/2.
Crawford 53/2 (Brinkman Group 5)
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An AR Denarius struck 159-160 AD in Rome
Obverse: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TRP XXIII

Reverse: ROMA COS IIII, Roma, helmeted, draped, seated left, on throne, holding Victory and vertical spear

Diameter: 16 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 2.9 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 303
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An AR Denarius struck 151-152 AD in Rome
Obverse: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP IMP II

Reverse: TR POT [XIX?] COS IIII, Annona standing left, holding grain ears and resting hand on modius set on prow to right

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 2.3 g
No notes for this coin
Sear:4123 RIC:249
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An AR Denarius struck AD 160-161 in Rome
Obverse: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XXIIII, laureate head right

Reverse: FELIC SAEC COS IIII, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and resting on column

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 3.09 g
This coin was bought as part of a group lot with 2 other higher grade denarii. All three coins have nice old cabinet toning
RIC 309
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An AR Denarius struck 150-151 AD in Rome
Obverse: IMP CAES T AEL HADR ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, Head of Antoninus facing right, wearing laurel wreath

Reverse: TR POT XIIII COS IIII, Tranquilitas standing facing right, holding ship's rudder and corn ears; TRANQ in exergue

Diameter: 17 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 3.65 g
TRANSLATIONS:

Obverse: Commander-in-Chief Caesar Titus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus the Pious, Father of the Fatherland

Reverse: Holding the power of the Tribune of the Plebs for the 14th time, Consul for the 4th time, TRANQ is just short for Tranquilitas
RIC III Antoninus Pius 202
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An AR Denarius struck 162 AD in Rome
Obverse: DIVVS ANTONINVS / Head of Antoninus Pius, bare, right

Reverse: CONSECRATIO / Eagle standing right, head left, on altar

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 2.8 g

Posthumous. Struck under Marcus Aurelius

RIC 430[aurelius] Sear 5192
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An AR Denarius struck 158-159 AD in Rome
Obverse: Laureate hwad right; ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XXII

Reverse: Temple of Augustus and Livia; TEMPLVM DIV AVG REST / COS IIII

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 2.68 g

This issue comemorates reconstruction of the temple of Augustus and Livia by Antoninus.

RIC III Antoninus Pius 272A - but next year RIC III 1004 - but denarius
not in RIC (RIC III Antoninus Pius 272A/1004 var.)
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An AR Denarius struck 152-153 AD in Rome
Obverse: laureate head right; ANTONINVS AVG P_IVS P P TR P XVI

Reverse: Annona standing left, hand on modius, holding grain ears, modius situated on prow; COS__IIII

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.5 g
This reverse suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces (especially from Africa) and its distribution to the people.
RIC III 221, RSC II 290, BMCRE IV 786
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An AR Denarius struck 140-143 AD in Rome
Obverse: laureate head right; ANTONINVS AVG PI_VS P P TR P COS III

Reverse: Clementia standing left, holding patera and scepter; CLEMEN_TIA AVG

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.5 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 64c, RSC 124, BMC 194
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An AR Denarius struck 143-144 AD in Rome
Obverse: laureate head right; ANTONINVS AVG PI_VS P P TR P COS III

Reverse: Victory standing left, holding wreath and palm; IMPE_RA_TO_R II

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.2 g
No notes for this coin
RIC III 111b, RSC II 437, SRCV II 4087
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An AR Denarius struck 139 AD in Rome
Obverse: bare head right; ANTONINVS__AVG PIVS P P

Reverse: hands in handshake grasping winged caduceus and grain ears; TR__P__COS__II

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.46 g
No notes for this coin
RSC II 833, RIC III 43
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An AR Denarius struck 139 AD in Rome
Obverse: laureate head right; IMP T AEL CAES HADR__ANTONINVS

Reverse: hands, in handshake, grasping winged caduceus and grain ears; AVG PIVS P M TR P__COS__II P P

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.83 g
No notes for this coin
RIC III 37 var. (bare head); BMCRE 78 note; RSC 100c
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An AR Denarius struck 152-153 AD in Rome
Obverse: laureate head right; ANTONINVS AVG P_IVS P P TR P XVII

Reverse: Vesta standing left, holding simpulum and Palladium; COS__IIII

Diameter: 17 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.11 g
No notes for this coin
RIC III 219, RSC II 197, BMCRE IV 782, SRCV II 4065
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An AR Denarius struck 154-155 AD in Rome
Obverse: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XVIII / Head of Antoninus Pius, laureate, right

Reverse: COS IIII / Fortuna, draped, standing right, holding rudder, vertical on globe, in right hand and cornucopiae, with tip turned from body, in left

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.95 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 240
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An AR Denarius struck 149 AD in Rome
Obverse: Laureate head of Antoninus Pius facing right, text (ANTONINVS•AVG•PIVS•PP•TRP•XII)

Reverse: Salus standing front, head to the left, feeding serpent out of patera with right hand, holding rudder atop globe with left hand, serpent rising from altar, text (COS•IIII)

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
RIC II 167; BMCRE 622; RSC 280
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An AR Denarius struck AD 161 in Rome
Obverse: DIVVS ANTONINVS, bare head right

Reverse: CONSECRATIO, eagle standing right, head left, upon altar

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 3.05 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 430
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An AR Denarius struck 156-157 AD in Rome
Obverse: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P IMP II - Head of Antoninus Pius facing right, wearing laurel wreath

Reverse: TR POT XX COS IIII - Annona, draped, standing right, left foot on prow, holding rudder in right hand and modius in left

Diameter: 17 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 2.74 g
No notes for this coin
RIC III Antoninus Pius 260
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An AR Denarius struck 140-143 AD in Rome
Obverse: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III, Head of Antoninus Pius, laureate, right

Reverse: CONCORDIA AVG, Concordia, draped, standing right, holding scepter in right hand and cornucopia in left

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: 7 H
Weight: 3.29 g
No notes for this coin
RIC III Antoninus Pius 65
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An AR Denarius struck 152-153 AD in Rome
Obverse: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XVI, Head of Antoninus Pius facing right, wearing laurel wreath

Reverse: COS IIII, Vesta, veiled, draped, standing facing, head left, holding simpulum in extended right hand and palladium in left

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 3.18 g
No notes for this coin
RIC III Antoninus Pius 219
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An AR Denarius struck 147-148 AD in Rome
Obverse: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XI, Head of Antoninus Pius, laureate, right

Reverse: COS IIII, Salus, draped, standing left, holding patera in right hand feeding snake coiled around altar; she holds rudder set on globe in left hand

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 3.09 g
No notes for this coin
RIC III Antoninus Pius 167 (denarius)
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An AR Denarius struck 161 AD in Rome
Obverse: DIVVS ANTONINVS, Head of Antoninus Pius, bare, right

Reverse: CONSECRATIO, Pyre of four tiers, decorated with hangings and garlands, surmounted by quadriga

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 3.17 g
No notes for this coin
RIC III Marcus Aurelius 436
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An AR Denarius struck 140-143 AD in Rome
Obverse: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III, Head of Antoninus Pius, bare, right

Reverse: AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas, draped, standing left, holding scales in lowered right hand and vertical scepter in left

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 2.64 g
No notes for this coin
RIC III Antoninus Pius 61a
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An AR Denarius struck 148-149 AD in Rome
Obverse: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XII, Head of Antoninus Pius facing right, wearing laurel wreath

Reverse: COS IIII, Fortuna, draped, standing facing, head right, holding rudder on globe in right hand and cornucopia in left

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: 5 H
Weight: 2.68 g
RIC III Antoninus Pius 179 has Fortuna head to the left
RIC III Antoninus Pius 179 var. (Fortuna head right)
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An AR Denarius struck 161 AD in Rome
Obverse: DIVVS ANTONINVS, Bare head of Antoninus Pius facing right

Reverse: CONSECRATIO, Eagle standing facing right, head left, on altar, decorated with garlands

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 3.02 g
No notes for this coin
RIC III Marcus Aurelius 431
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An AR Denarius struck 139 AD in Rome
Obverse: IMP T AEL CAES HADR ANTONINVS, Bare head of Antoninus Pius facing right

Reverse: AVG PIVS P M TR P COS II, Pax standing facing, head left, holding branch, and cornucopia

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 3.14 g
No notes for this coin
RIC III Antoninus Pius 23
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An AR Denarius struck 145-161 AD in Rome
Obverse: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, Head of Antoninus Pius, laureate, right

Reverse: COS IIII, Clasped hands holding caduceus between two corn-ears

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 3.06 g
CNG specifically dates to 145-147 AD
RIC III Antoninus Pius 136
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An AR Denarius struck 161 AD in Rome
Obverse: DIVVS ANTONINVS, Head of Antoninus Pius, bare, right

Reverse: CONSECRATIO, Pyre of four tiers, decorated with hangings and garlands, surmounted by quadriga

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 2.57 g
No notes for this coin
RIC III Marcus Aurelius 436
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An AR Denarius struck 154-155 AD in Rome
Obverse: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XVIII, Head of Antoninus Pius, laureate, right

Reverse: COS IIII, Vesta, veiled, draped, standing left, sacrificing out of patera in right hand over lighted altar and holding palladium at shoulder in left

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 3.25 g
No notes for this coin
RIC III Antoninus Pius 238
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An AR Denarius struck 109 (111-110)BC in Rome
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet; circle in triangle behind

Reverse: victory in triga right holding reins T·(MAL)·A·P CL·Q·(VR)

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.8 g
Joint coinage of three monetal triumvirs Ap. Claudius Pulcher?, T. Manlius Macinus, Q. Urbinius? Names of three moneyers are still mystery, Appius Clausius, T. Mallius, and Q. Urbanus are other possibilities. Triga is found only on the denaries of the Naevia family except coins of these three moneyers. Triga commemorates three of the persons who were monetal triumvirs in the second century BC. Cavedoni suggests that the triangle on the obverse may symbolize the same individuals. In this case the circle within that figure may represent a coin?
Crawford 299/1b; Sydenham 570a; Mallia 2; BM 1843,0116.505
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An Fourree Denarius struck 221 in Rome
Obverse: draped bust right; IVLIA AQVILIA SEVERA AVG

Reverse: Concordia standing left, sacrificing out of patera over lighted altar, holding double cornucopiae, * left; CONCORDIA

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.66 g
Unofficial mint
RIC IV 225, RSC III 2a, BMCRE V 185
(43) Augustus
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An AR Denarius struck 15-13 BC in Lugdunum
Obverse: AVGVSTVS DIVI F, Bare head of Augustus facing right

Reverse: Apollo Citharoedus of Actium standing facing, head to left, holding plectrum in his right hand and lyre in his left; IMP X in fields; ACT in exergue

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: 2 H
Weight: 3.31 g
"Apollo Actius is honoured by Augustus in this reverse type for his victory at the Battle of Actium, where an ancient temple dedicated to Apollo overlooked the sea. Augustus also had the temple enlarged and renovated as an expression of his gratitude, and he similarly dedicated the Actian Games in further celebration." - Roma Numismatics Limited

The obverse translates to "Augustus, son of the Divine (referring to Julius Caesar)"

IMP X translates to "Commander-in-Chief for the 10th time", and ACT is short for Actium.
RIC I (2nd Ed.) Augustus 171a
(44) Augustus
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An AR Denarius struck 18BC in Colonia Patricia?
Obverse: CAESARI AVGVSTO, laureate head left

Reverse: domed tetrastyle temple of Mars Ultor, in which stands triumphal currus right, containing legionary eagle and surmounted by four miniature galloping horses; SPQ[R] across field

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 3.84 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 120; BMC 386
(45) Augustus
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An Fourree Denarius struck 15-13 BC in Lugdunum
Obverse: AVGVSTVS DIVI•F, Bare head of Augustus facing right

Reverse: Bull butting to the right; IMP•X in exergue

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 2.18 g
IMP X="Proclaimed Commander-in-Chief for the 10th time"
RIC I (Second Edition) Augustus 167a
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An AR Denarius struck 8 BC in Lugdunum
Obverse: laureate head right; AVGVSTVS__DIVI•F

Reverse: Caius Caesar on horseback riding right, holding sword and reins; to left, aquila right between two signa; C•CAESAR / AVGVS•F

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.4 g
ex Lucernae
RIC I 199, BMCRE I 500, RSC I 40
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An AR Denarius struck 2 BC - 4 AD in Lugdunum
Obverse: laureate head right; CAESAR AVGVSTVS__DIVI F PATER PATRIAE

Reverse: Lucius Caesar and Caius Caesar facing, wearing toga, holding shield on the ground and spear, simpulum and lituus (b9) above; AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT / C L CAESARES

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.61 g
The brothers, Caius and Lucius, were the sons of Agrippa and Julia, daughter of Augustus. They were due to succeed Augustus but predeceased him in 4 and 2 A.D. respectively. Gaius, the elder of the two brothers has his shield placed in front of that of his younger brother and the ladle above him marking him as Pontifex. Lucius has lituus above marking him as augur.
RIC I 207, RSC I 43, BMCRE I 533, BnF I 1651 ff., SRCV I 1597
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An AR Denarius struck 2 BC-4 AD in Lugdunum
Obverse: CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE, Head of Augustus facing right, wearing laurel wreath

Reverse: C L CAESARES AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT, Gaius and Lucius Caesar standing, each, wearing togas, resting hand on shield and spear, simpulum, right, and lituus, left, flanking, left and right respectively

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: 4 H
Weight: 3.8 g
No notes for this coin
RIC I (2nd Ed.) Augustus 207
(49) Aurelian
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An AE Denarius struck 275 AD in Rome
Obverse: laureate, cuirassed bust right; IMP AVRELIANVS AVG

Reverse: Victory walking left, holding wreath and palm; captive to the left; VICT_O_RI_A AVG / B

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 1.9 g
Rome issue 11, early - IX 275 AD
LV 1503; RIC 1st 73; http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/coin/1854
(50) Aurelian
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An BL Denarius struck 275 AD in Rome
Obverse: laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; IMP AVRELIANVS AVG

Reverse: Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm; bounded captive left, head right; VICT_O_RI_A AVG / R

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
Issue 11 early 275 - IX 275 AD http://www.ric.mom.fr/en/coin/1839
RIC1st 73 var.; BNC 237
(51) Balbinus
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An AR Denarius struck 238 AD in Rome
Obverse: IMP C D CAEL BALBINVS AVG, Bust of Balbinus facing right, wearing laurel wreath, cuirass, and drapery

Reverse: PROVIDENTIA DEORVM, Providentia standing facing, head left, holding wand over globe and cornucopia

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 2.44 g
Co-Augustus with Pupienus from April 22nd until they were both assassinated on July 29th.
RIC IV Balbinus 7
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An AR Denarius struck 134 BC in Rome
Obverse: helmeted head of Roma right GEM (XVI)

Reverse: Mars in quadriga right holding trophy and reins, shield, spear C·(AB)(VR)I ROMA

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.92 g
No notes for this coin
Crawford 244/1, Sydenham 490, BMCRR I Rome 999, RSC I Aburia 1, SRCV I 121
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An AR Denarius struck 92 BC in Rome
Obverse: Diademed female head right(Diana?); BALA downwards to left; R (control mark) below chin.

Reverse: Diana in a biga of stags to right; with quiver over shoulder and holding sceptre and reins in left hand and torch in right; grasshopper below stags, C•ALLI in exergue; all within laurel wreath.

Diameter: 17 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.88 g
This moneyer is not otherwise known.

"In Roman mythology, Diana was the goddess of the hunt, the moon and childbirth, associated with wild animals and woodland, and having the power to talk to and control animals. Oak groves were especially sacred to her. She was equated with the Greek goddess Artemis, though she had an independent origin in Italy. In myth, Diana was born with her twin brother Apollo on the island of Delos, daughter of Jupiter and Latona. Diana was known to be the virgin goddess of childbirth and women. She was one of the three maiden goddesses, along with Minerva and Vesta, who swore never to marry."

Provenance: e-Bay sale (November 2017).
Crawford 336/1b
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An AR Denarius struck 93 (92)BC in Rome
Obverse: diademed and draped head Diana right wearing earring and necklace; BALA

Reverse: Diana in biga of stags holding torch and scepter in right hand and reins in left hand; below grasshopper right; C•ALLI

Diameter: 17 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.9 g
No notes for this coin
Crawford 336/1b var., Sydenham 595, RSC I Aelia 4, SRCV I 221
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An AR Denarius struck 82-81 BC in Military Mint | Narbonensis
Obverse: diademed draped bust of Anna Parenna right; caduceus left, scales right, dagger below C·ANNI·T·F·T·N · PRO·COS·EX·S·C·

Reverse: Victory in quadriga right, holding palm branch and reins, Q / L·FABI·L·F·HISP

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 3.7 g
C. Annius T.f. T.n. Luscus and L. Fabius L.f. Hispaniensis, mint in north Italy. Moneyer apparently used Anna Parenna as a pun to his name Annius. It is the only known depiction of Anna Parenna whose identity is very complicated. "An older myth tells that Anna Perenna was an old woman from the city of Bollivae in Latium. The myth tells that Anna Perenna brought bread and cakes to the Plebeians who wanted to separate from Rome because of their unequal status as Plebeians in 494 BC and so she saved them from starving. This is why she was popular on the common people and considered as goddes after her death. A later tradition from the time of the myth of Aeneas made Anna the sister of Dido. After Dido has committed suicide and Carthage was conquered she had to fly. A heavy storm throw her to the coast of Latium at Laurentum where Aeneas was the ruler. Aeneas and his companion went to the beach and he recognized her and took her to his palace. In a dream Anna was warned to be alarmed at the traps that Lavinia, Aeneas' wife, would set for her so she fled from the palace. While she was wandering she met Numicius, the god of a nearby stream who carried her off to his bed. The servants of Aeneas searched for Anna and followed her tracks to the river bank a shape rose from the water and revealed to them that Anna had become a water nymph, whose new name, Perenna, signified eternity. Aeneas' servants in their joy scattered among the fields and passed the day in feasting and festivities, which became established as an annual celebration of the festival of Anna Perenna. There is another opinion too that she committed suicide by drowning in the river Numicius because of her desperation. In another myth she was an old woman again. Mars was fallen in love to Minerva, sworn virgin. Mars asked Anna Perenna for interceding on his behalf. But instead of this - knowing about the impossibility of his wishes - she dressed herself like Minerva and came to Mars veiled. When he tried to kiss her she lifted her veil, break out in laughter and mocked Mars. Minerva's main festival, the Quinquatrus, was celebrated 4 days after the festival of Anna Perenna so this could be reason of this story." from Jochen's coins of mythological interest.
Crawford 366/1a, SRCV I 289, Sydenham 748, RSC I Annia 2
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An AR Denarius struck 146 BC in Rome
Obverse: Helmeted head of Roma right, C•ANTESTI upwards to left, X (mark of value) below chin.

Reverse: The Dioscuri galloping right; below, puppy right with both fore-feet raised; ROMA in exergue.

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: 10 H
Weight: 3.71 g
Provenance: Bertolami Fine Arts, E-Live Auction 49 (12 November 2017), lot 635.
Crawford 219/1e
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An AR Denarius struck 147 (146)BC in Rome
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet; dog in left field; X

Reverse: Dioscuri right riding on horses, stars over pilei, each holding spear reins; C·(ANTE)STI / ROMA

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.8 g
Moneyer's ancestor was supposedly rescued from shipwreck thanks to persistently barking dog. For that reason dog appears on every issue of this moneyer. Moneyer's family came from an ancient town Gabii in Latium.
Crawford 219/01a
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An AR Denarius struck 64 (61)BC in Rome
Obverse: laureate head of Apollo right, =

Reverse: naked horseman galloping right, holding palm branch and reins dagger? in exergue, C·PISO L F FRVGI

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.9 g
No notes for this coin
Crawford 408/1b, RSC I Calpurnia 24, Sydenham 851, SRCV I 348
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An AR Denarius struck 130 (126)BC in Rome
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet, urn behind; (XVI)

Reverse: Libertas in quadriga right holding pileus, scepter and reins; C·CASSI / ROMA

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Crawford 266/1, Sydenham 502, BMCRR Rome 1032, RSC I Cassia 1, SRCV I 142
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An AR Denarius struck 108 (110/109)BC in Rome
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet

Reverse: Victory in biga right holding reins in both hands; C·PVLCHER

Diameter: 17 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.1 g
No notes for this coin
Crawford 300/1, SRCV I 177, RSC I Claudia 1, Sydenham 569
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An AR Denarius struck 101 (104)BC in Rome
Obverse: head of Roma left wearing winged helmet

Reverse: Victory in biga left CALD G

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 3.9 g

Moneyer was consul in 94 BC. In 107 BC, he was elected tribune of the plebs and passed a lex tabellaria, which ordained that in the courts of justice the votes should be given by means of tables in cases of high treason. He was a praetor in 100 or 99 BC, and proconsul of Hispania Citerior the following year. This is represented by standard on the obverse along with emblem of the conquered town Clunia.

Crawford 318/1b, RSC I Coelia 3, Sydenham 582a, SRCV I 196 var.
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An AR Denarius struck 52 (51)BC in Rome
Obverse: head of Coelius Caldus (moneyer's grandfather) right; standard inscribed HIS (Hispania) behind, standard in the form of a boar (emblem of of Clunia, Hispania) in front, C·COEL·CALDVS / COS

Reverse: statue of god seated left between two trophies of arms, all on a high lectisternium with front inscribed L·CALDVS / VII·(VIR)·EP(VL) (Lucius Caldus Septemvir Epulo), C·CALDVS on left, IMP·(AV)·X (Imperator Augur Decemvir) on right, C(ALD)VS III VIR below

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.9 g
Scarce. Coin commemorates three moneyer's ancestors. The first, moneyer's grandfather C. Coelius Caldus, was consul in 94 BC. In 107 BC, he was elected tribune of the plebs and passed a lex tabellaria, requiring a secret ballot to determine the verdict in cases of high treason. He was a praetor in 100 or 99 BC, and proconsul of Hispania Citerior the following year. This is represented by standard on the obverse along with emblem of the conquered town Clunia. He was also moneyer in 104 BC. The second, L. Coelius Caldus, was member of septemviri epulones who prepared lectisternium - propitiatory ceremony, consisting of a meal offered to gods and goddesses (depicted on the reverse). He was responsible for sacrificial feast (epulare sacrificium) during Plebeian games (Ludi Plebeii) in Rome. The third, C. Coelius Caldus, was augur, member of decemviri sacris faciundis, and governor who gained the title Imperator. The trophies on the reverse commemorates his military campains.
Crawford 437/2a, Sydenham 894, RSC I Coelia 7, BMCRR II 3837, SRCV I 404
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An AR Denarius struck 60? (56)BC in Rome
Obverse: laureate draped bust of Venus Erycina right, wearing stephane, C·CONSIDI·NONIANI S·C

Reverse: tetrastyle temple of Venus Erycina on the top of mount Eryx, Porta Collina (place of Sulla's great victory)*, ERVC

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.6 g
scarce. *The temple of Venus Erycina on the top of mountain in the west of Sicily should had been founded by Aeneas and historian Polybios described it as the greatest and most splendid of all sacred places of Sicily. Venus Erycina was patroness of sex and protector of prostitutes. Chosen designe of coin indicates moneyer's loyalty to Pompey who competed for Venus' favour with Caesar. Pompey claimed he inherited Venus' favour from Sulla who worshipped this goddes. According Harlan temple is only structure in the background whereas in the foreground there is Colline Gate, place of Sulla's famous victory. Roman temple of Venus Erycina stood at Quirinal near Colline Gate.
Crawford 424/1, Sydenham 888, RSC I Considia 1b
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An AR Denarius struck 75 BC in Rome
Obverse: Winged bust of Cupid right; bow and quiver of arrows over shoulder; MAXSVMVS downwards in left field.

Reverse: Distyle temple with two facing statues within; Jupiter, to the left, holding staff, and Libertas, on the right, holding pileus. Above pediment, thunderbolt and pileus. VIII (control mark) in left field; CN•N in right field; C•EGNATIVS•CN•F in exergue.

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.98 g
"The Egnatii were of Samnite origin, and at least some of them had settled at Teanum. At the end of the Social War, the greater part of these appear to have relocated to Rome, where two of them were admitted into the senate, though a branch of the family seems to have remained at Teanum.

This moneyer, a man of somewhat disreputable character, was admitted into the Roman senate, but was subsequently expelled by the censors. Not much more is known about him.

In Catullus love poetry, Cupid and Venus are constantly paired as the patrons of all sensual love and they have maintained the same symbolism even today for people who no longer worship the gods. The bust of Cupid so prominently placed on the obverse of Egnatius coin, depicted with his cherub-like features and armed with a bow whose arrows only wound one's heart with passion and desire, but never kill, is symbolic of peace and the pleasure it brings.

This issue is the only surviving record of the Temple of Jupiter Libertas. The temple of Libertas was built on the Aventine hill ca 246 B.C by the plebeian aediles Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus and Gaius Fundanius. The money to finance the erection of the temple came from fines. The main contributor was Claudia, the sister of the consul of 249 B.C, Publius Claudius Pulcher. On an occasion when she found it hard to make her way through the crowded streets of Rome she exclaimed that she wished her brother was still alive to lose another fleet for the Romans for that would thin out the population a little. That insensitive comment cost her 25.000 asses.

In the course of time the temple came to be better known as the temple of Jupiter Libertas. The original connection between the two deities may be found in the belief that Libertas was the daughter of Jupiter and Juno. Egnatius depiction of the temple shows its true bipartite nature at that time. It was restored by Augustus as part of his grand renovation of Rome.”

Provenance: Purchased from Moruzzi Numismatica (5 March 2018). Ex Varesi 63 (26 November 2013), lot 46.
Crawford 391/2
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An AR Denarius struck 75 BC in Rome
Obverse: Winged bust of Cupid right, with bow and quiver over shoulder; behind, MAXSVMVS downwards

Reverse: Distyle temple with figures of draped Jupiter and Libertas standing facing within; C EGNATIVS CN F below, CN N upwards to right, control numeral (VIII) to left

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: 2 H
Weight: 3.96 g
No notes for this coin
RSC Egnatia 3; Crawford 391/2; Sear 325
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An AR Denarius struck 97 (102)BC in Rome
Obverse: veiled turreted bust of Cybele right dot over Λ

Reverse: Victory in biga right, holding goad and reins; heron right C·FABI·C·F

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4 g
Heron on the reverse refers to the foundation of colonia Ardea in 442 BC when M. Fabius Vibulianus was consul. This is supported by turreted Cybele on the obverse. Moneyer was praetor in 84 BC.
Crawford 322/1a, RSC I Fabia 15, Sydenham 589, SRCV I 200 var.; RR1 1585, p.222; Ghey, Leins & Crawford 2010 322.1.7
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An AR Denarius struck 112 (114-113)BC in Rome
Obverse: laureate Janiform heads of Dioscuri; T _ (XVI)

Reverse: war galley left, acrostolium, ram and deck house at prow, three sailors and five oars amidships; deck house, gubernator, rudder, and apluster at stern; C·FO(NT) / ROMA

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.9 g
"The janiform head has been identified as the Dioscuri, because the Fonteia gens came from Tusculum, the religious center of the cult of Castor and Pollux. The reverse depicts the arrival by sea of Telegonus' the son of Odysseus and Circe, and the mythological founder of Tusculum." ForumAncientCoins note Moneyer probably served as legate in 91 BC at the beginning of Civil war and was killed by rebels in Asculum.
Crawford 290/1, SRCV I 167, RSC I Fonteia 1, Sydenham 555
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An AR Denarius struck 114-113 BC in Rome
Obverse: Laureate, janiform heads of the Dioscuri, E to left and mark of value to right

Reverse: Galley left with three rowers, gubernator at stern; C•FONT above, ROMA below

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: 7 H
Weight: 3.7 g
This coin is currently consigned to Roma's E-sale 64. In his oration, Pro Fonteio, Cicero mentions that the Fonteii came originally from Tusculum, of which municipium it was one of the most distinguished families. The Fonteii claimed descent from Fontus, the son of Janus. A two-faced head appears on a coin of Gaius Fonteius, which Jean Foy Vaillant and others suppose to be the head of Fontus or Janus, in reference to this tradition. But as Janus is always represented in later times with a beard, Eckhel maintains that the two heads refer to the Dioscuri, who were worshipped at Tusculum with especial honours, and who may be regarded as the Di Penates of the gens. Michael Crawford likewise favours a depiction of the Dioscuri as they appear on other coins of the Fonteii. The galley on the reverse meanwhile is a reference to Telegonus, son of Ulysses and according to myth the founder of Tusculum
Crawford 290/1; RSC Fonteia 1
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An AR Denarius struck 98 (101)BC in Rome
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet ·C

Reverse: Gaius Marius with his son as rider riding in triumphal quadriga right. Gaius Marius holds staff and laurel branch, rider holds laurel branch and reins. Q C·FVNDAN

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4 g
Moneyer depicts triumph of Gaius Marius after the victory over Cimbri, Ambrones and Teutons in the battle of Aquae Sextiae in 102 BC and in the battle of Vercelli in 101 BC. This is the first Roman issue depicting living person. Moneyer struck these coins as Questor.
Crawford 326/1, SRCV I 204, Sydenham 583, RSC I Fundania 1
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An AR Denarius struck 86 BC in Rome
Obverse: Head of Apollo right

Reverse: Jupiter in Quadriga right, Holding reins and thunderbolt

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: 3 H
Weight: 3.37 g
Clipped
Cr. 350A/2
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An AR Denarius struck 86 BC in Rome
Obverse: laureate head of Apollo or Vejovis right, thunderbolt below

Reverse: Jupiter in quadriga right, holding thunderbolt and reins

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.9 g
No notes for this coin
Crawford 350a/2, SRCV I 266, RSC I 226, Sydenham 723
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An AR Denarius struck 65 (68)BC in Rome
Obverse: diademed and draped bust of Diana, bow and quiver over shoulder III VIR / GETA

Reverse: attacked boar right, spear in shoulder, hound below, C HOSIDI C F

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.6 g
"Oineus, king of Kalydon in Aitolia, once had feasted the gods at an harvest festival but forgotten to butcher an animal for Artemis. The goddess was enraged and sent a big boar who wasted the fertile fields of the king. Oineus called for help and from all parts of Greece the heroes came to help him. There were the Curetes from Pleuron, the brothers of Althaia, the wife of Oineus. There were the Dioscurs Kastor and Polydeikes and their Messenian cousins Idas and Lynkeus. Theseus came from Athens, Iphikles, half-brother of Herakles, came from Thebens, Iason, Admetos, Peirithos, Peleus and Eurytion came from Thessalia, Telamon from Salamis, Amphiaraos from Argos, Ankaios and Atalante from Arcadia and much more. Herakles was prevented by his labours. On top of the heroes stood Meleagros, the son of Oineus and Althaia. The hunt for the Calydonean boar ended very disastrous. Many heroes lost their lifes. Ankaios was the first killed by the boar. Peleus accidentally hit his father-in-law Eurytion with his spear. A second hunter too was killed by the boar. The big catastrophe happened at the 6th day of the hunt. On this day Atalanta hit the boar with her arrow and Meleagros gave him the deathblow. Then he awarded head and skin of the boar to Atalante. But his uncles, brother of his mother Althaia, didn't tolerate that. They insisted on the rights of their clan. A dispute occured, they snatched the trophies from Atalante and then a fight began in which Meleagros slew his uncles. When Meleagros was born the fates predicted that he will live only as long as the log in the oven. Althaia pulled it out of the fire and hid it in a secret place. When she heard of the death of her brothers she enraged, got the log and threw it in the fire. When it was burnt Meleagros break down dead when he was dissecting the boar." - Jochen's Coins of mythological interest
Crawford 407/2; Sydenham 903; Kestner 3317; BMCRR I Rome 3389; RSC I Hosidia 1, SRCV I 346
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An AR Denarius struck 68 BC in Rome
Obverse: Draped bust of Diana right, wearing stephane, earring, and necklace, and with bow and quiver over shoulder; III VIR downwards to left, GETA downwards to right.

Reverse: The Calydonian boar standing right, it’s front legs thrust forward, pierced through by a spear and harried by a hound below; C•HOSIDI•C•F in exergue.

Diameter: 17 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 3.98 g
Although the significance of the type to the moneyer who caused it to be struck remains a mystery, the classical myth which it depicts and the lesson it carried regarding the consequences of neglecting the Gods would have been a message well known to and easily recognised by the ancient Romans. The Calydonian boar was sent by Diana (or Artemis as she was called by the Greeks) to ravage the lands of Calydon in Aetolia, where the king Oeneus had not afforded her the proper rites and respect. With the citizens cowering behind city walls, a hunt was organised by the king in which the lone female hunter, Atalanta, was the first to draw blood when she pierced the gigantic boar through its side with her spear, as depicted in this fine reverse type. The coin is easily one of my favourites of the Republican era.
Crawford 407/2; RSC Hosidia 1; Sear 346
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An AR Denarius struck 155-150 (149)BC in Rome
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet X

Reverse: Dioscuri on horses riding right holding spears reins; stars over their pilei C·IVNI·C·F ROMA

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.9 g
No notes for this coin
Crawford 210/01
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An AR Denarius struck 84 BC in Rome
Obverse: diademed bust of Vejovis left, from behind, hurling thunderbolt

Reverse: Minerva in quadriga right holding javelin and reins, shield C·LICINIUS·L·F / MACER

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.66 g
Moneyer was an official and annalist of ancient Rome. He became tribune in 73 BC and praetor in 68, but in 66 Cicero succeeded in convicting him of bribery and extortion, upon which Macer committed suicide. He wrote a history of Rome, in 16 books which is now lost. Livy casts doubt on Macer's reliability, suggesting that he misrepresented events in order to glorify the Licinii, but notes that he quotes original sources, such as the Linen Rolls. (wikipedia)
Crawford 354/1, SRCV I 274, RSC I Licinia 16, Sydenham 732
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An AR Denarius struck 155-150 (153)BC in Rome
Obverse: helmeted head of Roma right X

Reverse: Victory in biga right holding whip and reins C. (MA)I(AN)I ROMA

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.39 g
No notes for this coin
Crawford 203/1a, SRCV I 82, RSC I Maiania 1, Banti Maiania 2
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An AR Denarius struck 96 BC in Rome
Obverse: Helmeted head of Mars right; mallet above, star below chin

Reverse: Heroic figure standing left, foot on cuirass, holding spear and leaning on tabella divided into two compartments, CMA below, trophy in left field.

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: 7 H
Weight: 3.6 g
No notes for this coin
Crawford 335/3g, Sydenham 615c, Poblicia 7.
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An AR Denarius struck 92 (96)BC in Rome
Obverse: helmeted head of Mars right, hammer above; (XVI)

Reverse: warrior standing half left, foot on cuirass, holding spear; trophy left, grasshopper on prow right; C·M(AL)

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.8 g
No notes for this coin
Crawford 335/3d; Sydenham 615a; Poblicia 6
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An AR Denarius Serratus struck 83 (82)BC in Praeneste | Rome
Obverse: draped bust of Mercury right wearing winged petasus caduceus behind

Reverse: Ulysses walking right, holding staff, dog Argus left; C·MAMIL__LIME(TA)N

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.1 g
No notes for this coin
Crawford 362/1, SRCV I 282, Sydenham 741, RSC I Mamilia 6
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An AR Denarius struck 88 BC in Rome
Obverse: jugate heads of bearded Numa Pompilius and Ancus Marcius right

Reverse: Desultor right riding two horses, wearing conical cap, holding whip; XXXIII / C·CENSO

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Crawford 346/1b, SRCV I 256, Sydenham 713b, RSC I Marcia 18
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An AR Denarius Serratus struck 82 (81)BC in Praeneste
Obverse: draped bust of Ceres with corn wreath right, running horse to the right, CAPIT.CXXXV

Reverse: ploughman conducting yoke of two oxen, CXXXV / C·MARI·C·F / S·C

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 4.06 g
No notes for this coin
Crawford 378/1c, SRCV I 300, Sydenham 744b, RSC I Maria 9
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An AR Denarius struck 134 (135)BC in Rome
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet ROMA X

Reverse: Ionic column surmounted by statue; at base, two stalks of grain; on left, L. Minucius Augurinus standing right, holding patera, foot on modius; on right, M. Minucius Faesus standing left, holding lituus. C·A_VG

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.7 g
Reverse depicts a commemorative bronze column - Columna Minucia which was erected in front of gate - Porta Trigemina in memory of L. Minucius Augurinus who as Praefectus Annonae supplied Rome with grain during famine in 439 BC. On the right there is Marcus Minucius Faestus who was elected Augur as the first plebeian in 300 BC.
Crawford 242/1, SRCV I 119, Sydenham 463, RSC I Minucia 3,
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An AR Denarius Serratus struck 79 BC in Sardinia
Obverse: diademed head of Venus right; S·C

Reverse: Victory right in triga holding reins; XXXIII / C·N(AE)·B(AL)B

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
ex Naumann ex Forum Ancient Coins
Crawford 382/1b, SRCV I 309, RSC I Naevia 6, Sydenham 769b, BMCRR Rome 2937 var. (XXXIIII)
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An AR Denarius Serratus struck 79 BC in Rome
Obverse: Diademed head of Venus right; SC behind, E below chin

Reverse: Victory in triga right; C NÆ BALB in exergue

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: 5 H
Weight: 3.91 g
According to Sear, this type was part of a large output of coinage specially authorised by decree of the Senate, and likely necessitated by the extensive military operations during the dictatorship of Sulla. The moneyer, C. Naevius Balbus, was a keen supporter of Sulla, and the coin was likely minted in commemoration of the dictators victory over Mithridates VI of Pontus around six years earlier. Interestingly, the surname Balbus apparently signified one who stammers. The coin obverse features Venus, who was the patron deity of Sulla. The reverse features a three-horse chariot (a ‘triga’), which was fairly uncommon on the Republican coinage...the two-horse ‘biga’ or four-horse ‘quadriga’ being portrayed on many more types. The coin has a serrated edge, which was fairly common on Republican coins during this period. The purpose of the serration has been debated by scholars. Some have suggested it may have served a practical purpose such as forgery prevention. More recently it has been put forward, tentatively, that the serrated edges were purely a decorative feature.
RSC Naevia 6b; Crawford 382/1A; Sear 309
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An AR Denarius struck 83 BC in Rome
Obverse: Diademed bust of Venus right; CVII behind, C•NORBANVS below

Reverse: Corn ear, fasces and caduceus

Diameter: 21 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 3.93 g
No notes for this coin
Crawford 357/1a; RSC Norbana 2; Sear 278
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An AR Denarius struck 84 (83)BC in Sicily | Bruttium
Obverse: diademed head of Venus right, wearing single drop earring and pearl necklace CLIII C·NORBANVS

Reverse: grain ear, fasces and caduceus

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.9 g
Moneyer's family came from Volscian town Norba. Reverse commemorates activity of elder C. Norbanus, moneyer's father, during the Social War, when he raised troops, organized a fleet, and provisioned the town of Rhegium. He, as a consul, led popular forces and was defeated by Sulla in 83 BC.
Crawford 357/1b, RSC I Norbana 2, Sydenham 739, BMCRR I Rome 2810, SRCV I 278
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An AR Denarius struck 124 (121)BC in Sardinia | Rome
Obverse: helmet head of Roma right; X

Reverse: Dioscuri riding on horses right, holding spear; C·PLVTI / ROMA

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.8 g
the last or second last issue with Dioscuri
Crawford 278/1, SRCV I 153, Sydenham 410, RSC I Plautia 1
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An AR Denarius struck 73 BC in Rome
Obverse: Draped bust of Diana right, with bow and quiver over shoulder.

Reverse: Hound running right; spear below, C•POSTVMI and TA monogram in exergue.

Diameter: 18 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.92 g
"It is possible that the monogram found in the exergue of the reverse on this coin may resolve as Tatius. On coins of both L. Titurius Sabinus and T. Vettius Sabinus the same monogram occurs in conjunction with the head of the Sabine king, Tatius, but the surname TA or AT is otherwise unknown for the Postumia gens. It is possible that the Postumii, undoubtedly one of Rome's most ancient families, claimed descent from the Sabine king."

Provenance: Tauler & Fau Floor Auction 20, (28 November, 2018), lot 112.
Crawford 394/1a
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An AR Denarius struck 73 (74)BC in Rome
Obverse: draped bust of Diana right, bow and quiver over shoulder

Reverse: hound bounding right, hunting spear below; C·POSTVMI / (TA)

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Crawford 394/1a, RSC I Postumia 9, Sydenham 785, SRCV I 330
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An AR Denarius Serratus struck 80 BC in Rome
Obverse: Helmeted and draped bust of Roma right; K (control mark) above; ROMA downwards in left field.

Reverse: Hercules standing left, strangling Nemean Lion; club at his feet, K (control mark) above; bow and arrows in left field; C•POBLICI•Q•F upwards in right field.

Diameter: 19 mm
Die Orientation: 5 H
Weight: 3.9 g
Provenance: CNG Electronic auction 412 (17 January 2018), lot 406. Ex Bertolami 24 (22 June 2016), lot 468.
Crawford 380/1
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An AR Denarius Serratus struck 80 BC in Praeneste | Rome
Obverse: draped bust of Roma right wearing Phrygian helmet with side feathers; ROMA / P

Reverse: naked Hercules left strangling Nemean lion; bow with arrows in quiver left, club below; C·POBLICI·Q·F / P

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4 g
No notes for this coin
Crawford 380/1, SRCV I 308, Sydenham 768, RSC I Poblicia 9
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An AR Denarius struck 144 (138)BC in Rome
Obverse: head of Roma right wearing winged helmet X

Reverse: Juno Caprotina in biga of goats right holding whip, scepter and reins C·RENI ROMA

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.8 g
Reverse refers to Lanuvium where moneyer's family came from and where the sanctuary of Juno was situated.
Crawford 231/1, SRCV I 108, Sydenham 432, RSC I Renia 1
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An AR Denarius struck 54 (57)BC in Rome
Obverse: head of Flora right wreathed with flower; lituus left; FLOR(AL)·PRI(MV)S

Reverse: Two soldiers facing each other, each holding shield and sword upright; C·F C·SE(RVE)IL·

Diameter: 17.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.7 g
No notes for this coin
Crawford 423/1, SRCV I 380, Crawford 423/1, Sydenham 890, RSC I Servilia 15
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An Fourree Denarius struck 137 (136)BC in Rome
Obverse: helmet head of Roma right wreath left (XVI) ROMA

Reverse: the Dioscuri riding in opposite directions, heads turned confronting, each with star above his head and holding a spear C·SERVEILI·M·F

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.6 g
fouré denarius, unofficial mint It's the first issue with ROMA on obverse and also Dioscuri are riding unconventionally from each other.
Crawford 239/1, Sydenham 525, RSC I Servilia 1, BMCRR Italy 540, SRCV I 116