The Antoninianus denomination
The Antoninianus was a coin used during the Roman Empire thought to have been valued at 2 denarii. It was initially silver, but was slowly debased to bronze with a minimal silver content.

The coin was introduced by Caracalla in early 215, and was a silver coin similar to the denarius except that it was slightly larger and featured the emperor wearing a radiate crown, indicating that it was a double denomination. Antoniniani depicting females, usually the emperor's wife, featured the bust resting upon a crescent moon.

By the late 3rd century the coins were almost entirely made of bronze from melted down old issues like the sestertius. Vast quantities were being minted, with a large proportion of the stocks being contemporary forgeries, often with blundered legends and designs. Individual coins were by then practically worthless and were lost or discarded by the millions.

Modern numismatists use this name for the coin because it is not known what it was called in antiquity.
Antoninianus
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An AR Antoninianus struck AD 253 in Rome
Obverse: IMP CAES AEMILIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: PACI AVG, Pax standing left, holding olive branch and transverse sceptre, with legs crossed, leaning on column

Diameter: 21 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 3.79 g
This is the only example of this rarer group II issue on CoinArchives.
RIC 19
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An AR Antoninianus struck AD 238 in Rome
Obverse: IMP CAES D CAEL BALBINVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: PIETAS MVTVA AVGG, clasped hands

Diameter: 22 mm
Die Orientation: 7 H
Weight: 4.75 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 12; RSC 17
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An AR Antoninianus struck 213-217 AD in Rome
Obverse: radiate and draped bust right, from behind; ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM

Reverse: Venus standing left, holding Victory and sceptre, leaning on shield set on helmet; VENVS VICTRIX

Diameter: 23 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.71 g
No notes for this coin
RIC IV 311d
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An AR Antoninianus struck AD 215 in Rome
Obverse: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind

Reverse: P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P, radiate lion, walking left with thunderbolt in its jaws

Diameter: 23 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 4.98 g
I love ancient coins almost as much as I love cats. So for me, any ancient coin that portrays a cat is a winner. And so it is with this outstanding coin minted under the rule of Caracalla, who was infamous for his cruelty, not to mention murdering his own brother. The lion on the reverse of this coin is of particularly wonderful style, with the musculature and even the individual ribs clearly visible. The lion is often associated with Egypt and the East in Roman imagery. At the time of striking, Caracalla had just left Alexandria and was deeply engaged in planning war with the Parthian Empire. Here the lion also sports a radiate crown, symbol of the sun god Sol. Contemporary engraved gems from Egypt also depict a lion-headed god with a radiate crown, suggesting a syncretic merging of solar worship with other eastern cults that would achieve full fruition in the quasi-monotheistic cult of Sol Invictus advanced by the emperor Aurelian (AD 270-275). Ex. Spink Auction 18055; Lot 517; Ex. Michael Kelly Collection of Roman Silver Coins (Roma E-Sale 57; Lot 965).
RIC 273 var; BMCRE 150 var; RSC 322 var; Sear 6774
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An AR Antoninianus struck AD 286-293 in Camulodunum
Obverse: IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: LAETIT AVG, Laetitia standing facing, head left, holding wreath and anchor; C in exergue

Diameter: 24 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 3.53 g

Leu notes that this interesting coin is struck in good silver, which is very unusual for the radiates of Carausius; typically they are of a much baser metal. They suggest that it may have functioned as a trial strike for the very rare denarii from the ‘C’ mint.

RIC 250
(6) Decius
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An AR Antoninianus struck July-December 250 AD in Rome
Obverse: IMP CMQ TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: ABVNDANTIA AVG - Abundantia standing right, pouring out cornucopia

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 0 g
No notes for this coin
Sear 9364, RIC 10b, RSC 2
(7) Decius
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An AR Antoninianus struck 250 AD in Rome
Obverse: IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: VICTORIA AVG, Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 0 g

Struck on a very thick flan.

Sear:9387 RIC:29c
(8) Decius
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An AR Antoninianus struck 250-251 AD in Rome
Obverse: IMP CM Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, cuir. bust with rad. head right

Reverse: DACIA , Dacia standing left, holding draco standart

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 3.65 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 12b
(9) Decius
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An AR Antoninianus struck AD 250-251 in Mediolanum
Obverse: IMP CAE TRA DECIVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: DACIA FELIX, Dacia standing left, holding standard

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 0 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 37c
(10) Decius
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An AR Antoninianus struck 249 AD in Rome
Obverse: IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, Bust of Decius facing right, wearing crown, cuirass, and drapery

Reverse: GENIVS EXERC ILLVRICIANI, Genius, polos on head, standing facing, head left, holding patera and cornucopia; standard in right field

Diameter: 23 mm
Die Orientation: 7 H
Weight: 4.39 g

GENIVS EXERC ILLVRICIANI="to the Genius (guardian spirit) of the army in Illyria"

RIC IV Trajan Decius 16c
(11) Decius
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An AR Antoninianus struck 249-251 in Rome
Obverse: IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: PANNONIAE, The two Pannoniae, veiled, standing front, turning right and left away from one another; each wears robe reaching to feed and holds standard; the one on right raises right hand.

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.87 g
No notes for this coin
RIC IV, p. 122, 21b; C. 86.
(12) Decius
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An AR Antoninianus struck 250 AD in Rome
Obverse: radiate, cuirassed bust right from behind; IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG

Reverse: Dacia standing left, holding draco standard or vertical staff surmounted by ass's head; D_ACIA

Diameter: 21 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.13 g
3rd - 4th emission
SRCV III 9368, RSC IV 16, RIC IV 12(b)
(13) Decius
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/597_Decius_Pannoniae.JPG
An AR Antoninianus struck 250 AD in Rome
Obverse: radiate, cuirassed bust right from behind; IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG

Reverse: the two Pannoniae, veiled, standing front, each holds standard, the one on right raises hand; PA_NNONI_AE

Diameter: 21.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.37 g
3rd - 4th emission
RIC IV 21b, RSC IV 86, SRCV III 9378
(14) Decius
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An AR Antoninianus struck 250 AD in Rome
Obverse: radiate, cuirassed bust right from behind; IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG

Reverse: Trajan Decius horse riding left, raising hand and holding scepter; ADVENTVS AVG

Diameter: 22 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.92 g
Rome 3rd emission, 250 AD
SRCV III 9366, RIC IV 11b, RSC IV 4
(15) Decius
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An AR Antoninianus struck 249-251 AD in Rome
Obverse: IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG / radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right

Reverse: PANNONIAE / the two Pannioniae standing half-left, looking in opposite directions, each holding standard

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
RIC 21b
(16) Decius
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An AR Antoninianus struck 249-251 AD in Rome
Obverse: IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG / radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right

Reverse: PANNONIAE / the two Pannioniae standing half-left, looking in opposite directions, each holding standard

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
RIC IV 21b
(17) Decius
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An AR Antoninianus struck 249-251 A.D. in Rome
Obverse: IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG - Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: DACIA - Dacia standing left, holding Draco standard.

Diameter: 23.2 mm
Die Orientation: 1 H
Weight: 4.65 g
No notes for this coin
RIC IV Rome 12b.
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An AR Antoninianus struck 218 AD in Rome
Obverse: draped and cuirassed radiate bust right from behind; IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG

Reverse: Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm; VICTOR ANTONINI AVG

Diameter: 22 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.1 g
No notes for this coin
RSC III 289a, BMCRE V 36, RIC IV 156, cf. SRCV II 7500 (obv legend, no cuirass)
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An AR Antoninianus struck AD 218-219 in Rome
Obverse: IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: MARS VICTOR, Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy

Diameter: 22 mm
Die Orientation: 7 H
Weight: 4.44 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 122; RSC 113; Sear 7491
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An AR Antoninianus struck 258-259 A.D. in Lugdunum
Obverse: GALLIENVS dot P dot F dot AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear in right hand over shoulder, shield in left.

Reverse: GERMANICVS MAX V, Trophy (with two small shields) between two captives.

Diameter: 21 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.4 g
60
RIC 18
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An AR Antoninianus struck 267 AD in Antioch
Obverse: GALLIENVS AVG, Bust of Gallienus facing right, wearing crown and cuirass

Reverse: FIDES AVG, Mercury standing facing, head left, holding purse and caduceus; PXV in exergue

Diameter: 21 mm
Die Orientation: 5 H
Weight: 4.67 g
No notes for this coin
RIC V Gallienus 607f
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An AR Antoninianus struck 260-268 AD in Rome
Obverse: GALLIENVS AVG / radiate head right

Reverse: VIRTVS AVG / Mars standing left, holding spear and globe. P in right field

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
Sole reign
RIC 317
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An AR Antoninianus struck 242-244 AD in Antioch
Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: ORIENS AVG, Sol standing front, head lt., raising hand, holding globe

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 0 g
No notes for this coin
Sear:8626 RIC:213
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An AR Antoninianus struck 238-244 AD in Rome
Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG / radiate draped & cuirassed bust right

Reverse: PROVID AVG, Providence standing left with scepter, pointing wand at globe at feet

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 0 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 148, RSC 296
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An AR Antoninianus struck 243-244 AD in Rome
Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG / Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from behind

Reverse: FORT REDVX / Fortuna seated left, rudder in right hand, cornucopiae in left, wheel under seat

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.19 g
No notes for this coin
RIC IV, Part III, 143 (C2)
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An AR Antoninianus struck 240-243 AD in Rome
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG

Reverse: Sol standing left, raising hand and holding globe; AETER_N_ITATI AVG

Diameter: 21.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.4 g
8th - 11th emission late 240 - VII 243 AD
SRCV III 8603, RIC IV 83, RSC IV 41
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An AR Antoninianus struck 241-243 AD in Rome
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG

Reverse: Jupiter standing, facing, holding scepter and thunderbolt; IOVI__STATORI

Diameter: 21 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 2.84 g
9th - 11th emission 241 - VII 243 AD
SRCV III 8615, RIC IV 84, RSC IV 109
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An AR Antoninianus struck 239 AD in Rome
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG

Reverse: Jupiter standing left holding thunderbolt and scepter, small figure of Gordian III left; P M TR P II__COS P P

Diameter: 21.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.44 g
2nd emission
SRCV III 8631, RIC IV 16, RSC IV 189
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An AR Antoninianus struck 239 AD in Rome
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG

Reverse: Fides standing left, military ensign in left, transverse scepter in left; P M TR P II COS P P

Diameter: 21 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.51 g
2nd emission
RIC IV 15, RSC IV 205
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/12_Gordian_III_Hercules.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 240-243 AD in Rome
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG

Reverse: Hercules standing right, resting hand on hip and leaning on club with lion skin, club set on rock; VIRTVTI AV_GVSTI

Diameter: 20.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.13 g
Rome 8th - 11th emission, late 240 - VII 243 AD
SRCV III 8670, RSC IV 404, RIC IV 95
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/133_Gordian_III_Fortuna_Redux.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 244 AD in Rome
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG

Reverse: Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopia; FORTVNA REDVX

Diameter: 22.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.75 g
Rome 14th emission, 244 AD
RIC IV 144, RSC IV 98, gVF
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An AR Antoninianus struck 238 AD in Rome
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG

Reverse: Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm; VICT_ORIA__AVG

Diameter: 22 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.52 g
Rome 1st emission, 238 AD
SRCV III 8664, RIC IV 5, RSC IV 357
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/207_Gordian_III_Laetitia(0).jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 240-243 AD in Rome
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG

Reverse: Laetitia standing left, holding wreath and anchor; LAETITIA AVG N

Diameter: 21.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.39 g
Rome 8th - 11th emission, late 240 - VII 243 AD
SRCV III 8617, RIC IV 86, RSC IV 121
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/225_Gordian_III_Iovi_Statori.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 241-243 AD in Rome
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG

Reverse: Jupiter standing, facing, holding scepter and thunderbolt; IOVI__STATORI

Diameter: 21 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.63 g
Rome 9th - 11th emission, 241 - VII 243 AD
SRCV III 8615, RIC IV 84, RSC IV 109
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Gordian_III_Felicitas_Temporum.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 243 AD in Rome
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG

Reverse: Felicity standing left with cauduceus and cornucopia; FELICITA_S TEMPORVM

Diameter: 21.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.6 g
Rome 12th emission, 243 AD
SRCV III 8606, RIC IV 142, RSC IV 81
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Gordian_III_Virtuti_Augusti.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 240-243 AD in Rome
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG

Reverse: Hercules standing right, resting hand on hip and leaning on club with lion skin, club set on rock; VIRTVTI AVGVSTI

Diameter: 23.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.91 g
Rome 8th - 11th emission, late 240 - VII 243 AD
SRCV III 8670, RSC IV 404, RIC IV 95
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Gordian_III_Providentia_Aug.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 244 AD in Rome
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG

Reverse: Providentia standing left holding scepter and wand over globe; PROVIDENTIA AVG

Diameter: 22.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.04 g
Roma 14th emission, 244 AD
RIC IV 150, RSC IV 299, SRCV III 8654
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Roma_Auction_Pic_(Obv_and_Rev)(64).jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck AD 241-243 in Rome
Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: P M TR P IIII COS II P P, emperor in military dress, standing right, holding transverse spear and globe

Diameter: 23 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 3.55 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 91
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An AR Antoninianus struck 241-243 A.D. in Rome
Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: VIRTVTI AVGVSTI - Hercules, naked, standing right, resting right hand on hip and resting left hand on club set on a rock; lion-skin beside club.

Diameter: 24.3 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 4.35 g
4th Officina, 8th-11th Emissions.
RIC IV-III, 95; RSC 404.
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An AR Antoninianus struck 243 A.D. in Rome
Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG - Radiate, draped bust right.

Reverse: SECVRITAS PERPETVA - Securitas standing left with sceptre, leaning on column.

Diameter: 22.5 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 4.51 g
12th Issue, 3rd Officina.
RIC IV-III, 153.
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An AR Antoninianus struck 243 A.D. in Rome
Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: PM TR P VI COS II P P - Apollo seated left with branch and arm resting on lyre.

Diameter: 24 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 4.52 g
No notes for this coin
RIC IV-III 90; RSC 272; Sear 2455.
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An AR Antoninianus struck 243-244 A.D. in Antioch
Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: MARTI PACIFERO - Mars running left, holding branch, spear and shield.

Diameter: 23.3 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 4.38 g
No notes for this coin
RIC IV-III 212; RSC 162a.
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Screenshot_2018-01-02_12.10.48.png
An AR Antoninianus struck 243 A.D. in Rome
Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG - Radiate, draped bust right.

Reverse: SECVRITAS PERPETVA - Securitas standing left with sceptre, leaning on column.

Diameter: 23.4 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 3.98 g
No notes for this coin
RIC IV-III, 153.
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An AR Antoninianus struck 239 A.D. in Rome
Obverse: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG - Radiate and cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: P M TR P II COS P P - Jupiter standing with sceptre and thunderbolt held over Gordian standing to left.

Diameter: 21.7 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 3.97 g
No notes for this coin
RIC IV-III 16; RSC 189.
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Screenshot_2015-07-03_21.47.59.png
An AR Antoninianus struck 238-244 A.D. in Rome
Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG - Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: LAETITIA AVG N - Laetitia standing right with wreath and anchor.

Diameter: 24 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.77 g
No notes for this coin
RIC IV-III 86: RSC 121.
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/HerenniaEtruscilla-2.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 250 AD in Rome
Obverse: HER ETRVSCILLA AVG, diademed and draped bust right, on crescent

Reverse: PVDICITIA AVG, Pudicitia seated left, holding scepter and drawing veil from face

Diameter: 241 mm
Die Orientation: 7 H
Weight: 495 g

EX Agora Auctions lot 31-185

RIC 59b; RSC 19.
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An AR Antoninianus struck 250 AD in Rome
Obverse: diademed, draped bust on crescent right; HER ETRVSCILLA AVG

Reverse: Pudicitia seated left, pulling veil and holding scepter; PVDICITIA AVG

Diameter: 22.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.1 g
Rome 3rd emission, 250 AD ex Aurea
RIC IV 59b, RSC IV 19, SRCV III 9495
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/137_Herennius_Etruscus.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 250 AD in Rome
Obverse: radiate, draped bust right from behind; Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB C

Reverse: Spes standing left, holding flower and raising skirt; SPES PVBLICA

Diameter: 22 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.78 g
Rome 4th emission, 250 AD ex Aurea
RIC IV 149, RSC IV 38, Hunter III 2, SRCV III 9526
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Herenius_Etruscus.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 250-251 AD in Rome
Obverse: Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB C / Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right

Reverse: PIETAS AVGG / Mercury standing left, holding purse & caduceus

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.19 g
No notes for this coin
Sear 9520
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Roma_Auction_Pic_(Obv_and_Rev)(54).jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck AD 251 in Rome
Obverse: C VALENS HOSTIL MES QVINTVS N C, radiate and draped bust right, seen from behind

Reverse: PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Hostilian standing left, holding standard and reversed spear

Diameter: 24 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 3.34 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 181d (Decius); RSC 34
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An AR Antoninianus struck ~AD 257 in Rome
Obverse: DIVAE MARINIANAE, Diademed, veiled and draped bust r., on crescent

Reverse: CONSECRATIO, Peacock standing facing, head l., spreading plumage

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 1.93 g
No notes for this coin
RIC V 3; RSC 2
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Divae_Mariniana_(Obv_and_Rev)_3.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck AD 253-254 in Rome
Obverse: DIVAE MARINIANAE, diademed, veiled and draped bust right

Reverse: CONSECRATIO, peacock standing facing, tail spread in splendour

Diameter: 21 mm
Die Orientation: 7 H
Weight: 4.05 g
Peacocks were kept and bred in large flocks by the Romans, both for pleasure and for profit. In Roman myth and cult the peacock was sacred to the goddess Juno, and became the badge of empresses and other ladies of the imperial house as well as a regular feature on the imperial coinage. The peacock’s tail, circular like the vault of heaven when spread and jewelled as with stars, made the bird a natural symbol of the sky to which the dead ascend and hence of apotheosis and immortality. This particular coin was struck by Valerian I before he ascended the throne, and commemorates the death of his wife Mariniana.
RIC 3; Sear 10067
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Otacilia-2.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 244-249 AD in Rome
Obverse: M OTACIL SEVERA AVG, diademed, draped bust right on crescent

Reverse: CONCORDIA AVGG, Concordia seated left, holding patera and double cornucopiae

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 3.7 g
No notes for this coin
RSC 4, RIC 125c, RI3836
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/210_Otacilia_Severa_Concordia.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 247 AD in Rome
Obverse: draped bust on crescent right; M OTACIL SEVERA AVG

Reverse: Concordia seated left, sacrificing over altar and holding patera and cornucopia; CONCORDIA AVGG

Diameter: 22.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.64 g
Rome 6th emission, 247 AD ex Aurea numismatika
SRCV III 9149, RIC IV 126, RSC IV 17
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Otacilia_Severa_Concordia_Augg.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 247 AD in Rome
Obverse: draped bust on crescent right; OTACIL SEVERA AVG

Reverse: Concordia seated left, sacrificing over altar and holding cornucopia; CONCORDIA AVGG

Diameter: 21 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.68 g
Rome 7th emission, 247 AD
SRCV III 9150, RIC IV 129, RSC IV 16
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Otacilia_Severa_(Obv_and_Rev).jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck AD 247 in Rome
Obverse: M OTACIL SEVERA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, set on crescent

Reverse: CONCORDIA AVGG, Concordia seated left, holding patera and double cornucopiae

Diameter: 24 mm
Die Orientation: 11 H
Weight: 3.68 g
No notes for this coin
RIC IV 125c (Philip I); RSC 4; Sear 9147
(57) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/PhilipLaetitFundat.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 244 AD in Rome
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: LAETIT FVNDAT, Laetitia standing left, holding wreath and rudder

Diameter: 22 mm
Die Orientation: 11 H
Weight: 4.8 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 36b; RSC 80
(58) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/PhilipPMTRPIII.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 246 AD in Rome
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: P M TR P III COS PP. Felicitas standing left with cornucopia and caduceus

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 0 g
No notes for this coin
RIC:3 SEAR:8944
(59) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/PhilipAdventus-2.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 247-249 AD in Rome
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust of Philip I right

Reverse: ADVENTVS AVGG, emperor on horseback left, holding spear

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 0 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 26b; RSC 3
(60) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/PhilipStagRight2.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck AD 248 in Rome
Obverse: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG radiate bust of Philippus right

Reverse: SAECVLARES AVGG stag walking r., officina work 5

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 0 g
No notes for this coin
Sear 8958; RIC 19
(61) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/PhilipLion.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck AD 248 in Rome
Obverse: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Philip to right

Reverse: SAECVLARES AVGG / I - Lion walking right

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 0 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 12
(62) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Philip_Felicitas.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 246 AD in Rome
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: P M TR P III COS PP. Felicitas standing left with cornucopia and caduceus

Diameter: 23 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 4 g
No notes for this coin
RIC:3 SEAR:8944
(63) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Philip_Liberalitas.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 245 AD in Rome
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPUS AVG, Radiate draped bust right

Reverse: LIBERALITAS AVGII, Liberalitas standing with abacus and cornucopiae

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 5.88 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 38b
(64) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Philip_Saeculum_novum.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 249 AD in Rome
Obverse: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: SAECVLVM NOVVM, Roma seated facing, scepter in left hand, in hexastyle temple

Diameter: 22.8 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 4.8 g

Ex-Agora Auctions lot 38-173

RIC 25b; RSC 198.
(65) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/PhilipAequitas.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 246 AD in Rome
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: AEQVITAS AVGG, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia

Diameter: 21.9 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 4.31 g

Choice EF, well centered and good metal. Excellent strong portrait.

Ex Agoraauctions lot 39-168

RIC 27b; RSC 9
(66) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/PhilipAnnona.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 245-247 AD in Rome
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right

Reverse: ANNONA AVGG. Annona standing left holding corn-ears over modius & cornucopiae

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 0 g
No notes for this coin
Sear 8922
(67) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/PhilipAntioch-2.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 249 AD in Antioch
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: P M TR P VI COS P P, Felicitas standing left, long caduceus in right, cornucopia in left

Diameter: 23.7 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 3.32 g

From the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Forum auction (item 59703)

SRCV III 8950, RIC IV 78, RSC IV 155
(68) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/PhilipSecuritOrbis.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 245 AD in Rome
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: SECVRIT ORBIS, Securitas seated left holding baton and long scepter.

Diameter: 23.2 mm
Die Orientation: 11 H
Weight: 4.76 g

Agoraauctions lot 44-175

RIC 48b; RSC 215
(69) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/PhilipStag.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 248 AD in Rome
Obverse: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right

Reverse: SAECVLARES AVGG, stag walking left

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 3.88 g

officina V

RIC20
(70) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/PhilipVirtusHorse.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 248 AD in Rome
Obverse: IMP PHILIPPVS AVGG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: VIRTVS AVG, Philip I and II galloping right, each raising right hand and one holding spear; ε below

Diameter: 21 mm
Die Orientation: 7 H
Weight: 3.69 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 10; RSC 241a.
(71) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/PhilipI(1).jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 247 AD in Rome
Obverse: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG / Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right

Reverse: P M TR P IIII COS II P P / Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus & cornucopia

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 0 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 5; Sear 8948; RSC 137
(72) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/PhilipColumn.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 249 in Rome
Obverse: Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: SAECVLARES AVGG, cippus inscribed COS/III in two lines.

Diameter: 22 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.42 g
Commemorating the Secular Games/1000th Anniversary of Rome. 5th officina. 10th emission
RIC IV 24c; RSC 193
(73) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/PhilipRIC2b.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 245 in Rome
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Radiate bust right

Reverse: PM TRP II COS PP, Philip seated left, holding globe and sceptre.

Diameter: 23 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 2b
(74) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/341_Philip_I_Spes.JPG
An AR Antoninianus struck 244 AD in Antioch?
Obverse: Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; IMP C M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG P M

Reverse: Spes advancing left, holding flower and raising skirt; SPES FELICITATIS ORBIS

Diameter: 20 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.21 g
No notes for this coin
RIC IV 70, RSC IV 221, SRCV III 8967
(75) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/868_Philip_I_Annona.JPG
An AR Antoninianus struck 246 AD in Rome
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG

Reverse: Annona standing left, holding grain ears and cornucopia, prow to the left; ANNONA AVGG

Diameter: 23 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 5.4 g
5th emission
SRCV III 8923, RIC IV 29, RSC IV 32
(76) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/932_Philip_I_Virtus_Avgg.JPG
An AR Antoninianus struck 248 AD in Rome
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; IMP PHILIPPVS AVG

Reverse: Philip I and Philip II on horses right, rising hands; VI_RTVS AVGG / E

Diameter: 22 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4 g
8th emission
RIC IV 10; RSC 241a
(77) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/44_Philip_Roma.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 247 AD in Rome
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG

Reverse: Roma seated left, holding Victory and scepter; ROMAE AETERNAE

Diameter: 21.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.9 g
Rome 6th emission, 247 AD
SRCV III 8952, RIC IV 44b, RSC IV 169
(78) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/203_Philip_Adventus.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 245 AD in Rome
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG

Reverse: Philip riding horse left, raising hand and holding scepter; ADVENTVS AVGG

Diameter: 21 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.5 g
Rome 4th emission, 245 AD
SRCV III 8916, RIC IV 26b, RSC IV 3
(79) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/208_Philip_Liberalitas.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 245 AD in Rome
Obverse: radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right from behind; IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG

Reverse: Liberalitas standing left, holding abacus and cornucopia; LIBERALIT_AS AVGG II

Diameter: 22.5 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.41 g
Rome 4th emission, 245 AD
SRCV III 8937, RIC IV 38b, RSC IV 87
(80) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/322-3.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 244-249 in Rome
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate draped bust right

Reverse: LIBERALITAS AVGG II, Liberalitas standing left with abacus & cornucopiae

Diameter: 23 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 4.5 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 38b, RSC 87
(81) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/193-3.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 247 AD in Rome
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right

Reverse: ROMAE AETERNAE, Roma seated left with Victory & scepter, altar at feet

Diameter: 23 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.9 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 45, RSC 170
(82) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/408525.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 248 AD in Rome
Obverse: IMP PHILIPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind

Reverse: AETERNITAS AVGG, Elephant advancing left, guided by mahout holding goad and wand.

Diameter: 23 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.83 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 58
(83) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/PhilipRomae.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck AD 245-247 in Rome
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPUS AVG

Reverse: ROMAE AETERNAE, Roma seated left holding victory and sceptre

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Sear 8952
(84) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/PhilipVictoriaAvgRight.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck AD 244-245 in Rome
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPUS AVG

Reverse: VICTORIA AVG, Victory advancing right holding wreath and palm

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Sear 8969
(85) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/PhilipVictoriaStanding.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck AD 245 in Rome
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: VICTORIA AVGG, Victory standing left, holding wreath and palm

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Sear 8972
(86) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/PhilipVirtusSeated.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck AD 244-245 in Rome
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Philip I right

Reverse: VIRTVS AVG, Virtus seated left on cuirass, holding branch and inverted spear.

Diameter: -
Die Orientation: -
Weight: -
No notes for this coin
Sear 8975
(87) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Philip_I_(Obv_and_Rev)_2.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck AD 248 in Rome
Obverse: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right

Reverse: SAECVLARES AVGG, lion walking right; I in exergue

Diameter: 23 mm
Die Orientation: 1 H
Weight: 4 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 12; RSC 173; Sear 8956
(88) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Screenshot_2018-09-15_10.12.45.png
An AR Antoninianus struck 244 A.D. in Rome
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG - Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: ADVENTVS AVGG - Philip on horseback left, raising right hand and holding sceptre.

Diameter: 23.5 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 4.55 g
2nd Officina, 4th emission.
RIC IV-III, 26b; RSC 3.
(89) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Screenshot_2019-04-11_17.17.50.png
An AR Antoninianus struck 247 A.D. in Rome
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG - Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: ROMAE AETERNAE - Roma sitting left, holding Victory and sceptre.

Diameter: 22.5 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 4.19 g
5th Issue- 6th Officina.
RIC IV-III, 44b; RSC 169.
(90) Philip I
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Screenshot_2016-02-08_13.37.30.png
An AR Antoninianus struck 245 A.D. in Rome
Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.

Reverse: SECVRIT ORBIS - Securitas seated left, holding wand and propping head with left hand

Diameter: 22.6 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 4 g
4th Issue - 6th Officina.
RIC RIC IV-III 48b; RSC 215.
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/PhilipII-2.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 245-246 AD in Rome
Obverse: M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES

Reverse: PRINCIPI IVVENT - Philip, in military attire, standing left holding globe and resting on spear

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 0 g
No notes for this coin
Sear:9240 RIC:218d
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Phillip_II_Bruun.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck 245 AD in Rome
Obverse: M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right

Reverse: PRINCIPI IVVENT, Philip II, in military dress, standing right with globe & transverse spear

Diameter: 0 mm
Die Orientation: 0 H
Weight: 3.95 g
No notes for this coin
RIC 216c, RSC 54
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/355_Philip_II_Jupiter.JPG
An AR Antoninianus struck 244-245 AD in Rome
Obverse: radiate, draped bust right from behind; M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES

Reverse: Jupiter standing, holding scepter and thunderbolt; IOVI CONSERVAT

Diameter: 24 mm
Die Orientation: -
Weight: 3.75 g
1st - 2nd emission
SRCV III 9238, RIC IV 213, RSC IV 13
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Screenshot_2018-06-10_11.46.34.png
An AR Antoninianus struck 247 A.D. in Rome
Obverse: IMP PHILIPPVS AVG - Radiate and draped bust right.

Reverse: LIBERALITAS AVGG III - Philips I & II seated left on curule chairs distributing cash.

Diameter: 22.8 mm
Die Orientation: 12 H
Weight: 3.27 g
No notes for this coin
RIC IV-III, 230.
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/Screenshot_2020-10-23_12.56.11.png
An AR Antoninianus struck 247 A.D. in Rome
Obverse: M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES - Radiate, draped bust right.

Reverse: PRINCIPI IVVENT - Philip II standing left with globe and spear; captive at feet.

Diameter: 22.8 mm
Die Orientation: 6 H
Weight: 3.45 g
No notes for this coin
RIC IV-III Rome 219; RSC 57.
(96) Postumus
/Files/Images/Coinsite/CoinDB/POSTUMUS-VIC2.jpg
An AR Antoninianus struck